What foods should I avoid during a gout attack?  – Medical press

What foods should I avoid during a gout attack? – Medical press

Gout is the most common type of inflammatory arthritis. It causes sudden and intense seizures as well as joint pain, often in the big toe. It can also affect the joints of other toes, the ankle or the knee. People with osteoarthritis of the fingers may experience their first gout attack in the joints of the fingers.

Men are three times more likely to develop gout than women. It mostly affects men over 40 and women after menopause. When they lose the protective effects of estrogen. The symptoms of gout can be confused with another type of arthritis called calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPD), formerly called pseudogout.

What causes a gout attack?

A gout attack is usually caused by a build-up of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is a waste product created when the body breaks down purines.

Purines are found in many foods, including meat, seafood, and alcohol. When there is too much uric acid in the blood, it can form crystals in the joints, causing inflammation and pain. Crystals can also lodge in the kidneys, where they can cause kidney stones. People who are overweight or have high blood pressure are at increased risk of gout attacks. Treatment often involves taking medication to lower the level of uric acid in the blood and relieve pain. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the crystals from the joints.

What causes gout?

When uric acid builds up, either because the kidneys are not excreting it as they should, or because of excessive consumption of purine-rich foods. Uric acid can form needle-like crystals that settle in the joints, causing severe pain and sudden swelling.

Gout attacks usually peak after 12 to 24 hours. Then they slowly disappear on their own, whether treated or not. You may only have one gout attack in your life or you may have them repeatedly. In both cases, gout attacks need to be treated, otherwise they can affect other joints. Because they can last even longer and will be accompanied by pain that becomes more and more unbearable. Some people eventually develop tophi, large masses of uric acid crystals that form in the soft tissues or bones around the joints and can look like hard bumps.

Gout Attack: Like any infection that revolves around food.

Foods and drinks to avoid:

To alleviate gout attacks, it is best to avoid certain foods and drinks known to be high in purines. These include in particular:

  • Offal and game : Organ meats such as kidney and liver and game meats such as venison and wild birds are extremely high in purines.
  • Seafood and fish : Crab, shrimp, and other shellfish can cause gout flare-ups. But some fish like trout, anchovies and mackerel can also raise uric acid levels. However, fatty fish such as salmon have excellent health benefits and are lower in purines than other fish. So it is good to eat it in moderation.
  • Alcohol : Alcohol tends to increase uric acid levels, and some types of alcohol (especially beer) are worse than others. High alcohol consumption can similarly make it harder for your kidneys to filter uric acid. Not only does uric acid build up in your body, it also makes it harder for your body to get rid of it. It is best to avoid beer, wine and liquor.
  • sweet drinks : Uric acid levels tend to be higher in people who regularly drink sugary drinks.

What foods and drinks should I consume when I have gout?

Following a healthy and balanced diet is the best way to beat gout. Low-purine foods that can help reduce uric acid in the body include fruits (especially those high in vitamin C), vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and low-fat dairy products.

Research shows that consuming low-fat dairy products can lower blood uric acid levels. It can also reduce inflammation caused by uric acid crystals.

Although, when it comes to diet, you can go it alone. Sometimes it can be helpful to follow a specific food program.

The best eating plan would include a diet that helps achieve – and maintain – weight loss. Such as the DASH diet or the Mediterranean diet. Both of these diets emphasize low consumption of red meat, plant-based protein, and lower saturated fat.

* Presse Santé strives to convey knowledge about health in a language accessible to all. IN NO CIRCUMSTANCES can the information provided replace the advice of a medical professional.

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