Sparkling water: benefits and limitations of this drink

Sparkling water: benefits and limitations of this drink

It’s fun to play with bubbles and many people think it’s pretty tasty to have bubbles in the water too. While the carbonated version of water is growing in popularity, people aren’t quite sure where sparkling water stands; also commonly referred to as carbonated water, salt water, sparkling water or mineral water when it comes to health.

Is it water similar to alkaline water or completely different water?

With products making it easy to make carbonated water at home, many people are even replacing their normal water intake with copious amounts of the carbonated version. But wait, is sparkling water healthy? Is carbonation bad for your health? The short answer to both questions: It depends. Let’s dive into this fizzy drink and find out how healthy it is (or isn’t)!

What is sparkling water? Types of sparkling water

What is sparkling water?

Sparkling water is a variant of water that is a clear, colorless, odorless and tasteless liquid. Sparkling water is infused with carbon dioxide, which makes it fizzy. Sparkling water “symbols” can be natural or artificial. If you’re wondering what sparkling water is, it’s another name used to refer to carbonated water or sparkling water.

The most natural form of sparkling water is carbonated mineral water, which not only naturally contains minerals, but can also be naturally carbonated. This refreshing and effervescent liquid comes straight from the source: a natural mineral spring. Effervescence can be caused by gases naturally present in water. However, not all sparkling mineral water is naturally sparkling, and many mineral water companies add carbon dioxide to the water to make it sparkling.

An example of artificially produced sparkling water or salt water is that which comes from the newly popular soda makers that inject carbon dioxide into the water. If you own a sparkling water maker, you already know how to make sparkling water at home with the push of a button. There are also flavored sparkling waters that contain other ingredients (sometimes natural, but sometimes artificial and unhealthy.

What is soda water?

Seltzer water is basically an artificial version of sparkling water. Seltzer water is simply carbonated water. Seltzer water is said to have emerged as a cheaper alternative to sparkling mineral water.

Is sparkling water good for health? The benefits of sparkling water

Is sparkling water healthy? That is a good question. As with many foods and drinks, sparkling water can be healthy if you choose the right kind. The best variety of sparkling water is one that is rich in minerals, called carbonated mineral water. Many experts say that sparkling water can be just as hydrating as regular water, but bubbles can make drinking the sparkling variety difficult.

Opt for sparkling mineral waters instead, because you will not only get water, but also valuable minerals. The type of sparkling water you should definitely avoid is one that contains artificial flavors, colors and/or additives.

In some cases, carbonated water has been shown to have certain benefits for human health. Let’s take a look at some of the ways sparkling water can be useful.

1. Rich in health-promoting minerals

If you choose sparkling mineral water, you can add various minerals to your diet and quench your thirst at the same time. Natural mineral waters can be defined as those “which come from an aquifer or an underground reservoir, flow from one or more natural or drilled springs and have specific hygienic properties and possibly health-safe properties. »

In short, sparkling mineral water must come from a natural source and naturally contain minerals. Depending on the source, the type and amount of minerals may vary. The great thing about mineral waters is that their minerals are said to be more easily absorbed than those found in food because the minerals in food are bound into complex molecules, while the minerals in mineral water exist as free ions. Magnesium, calcium and potassium are examples of vital minerals found in sparkling mineral water.

2. Blood sugar management

Mineral waters also commonly contain bicarbonate. Bicarbonate is actually present in the human body and helps maintain a healthy blood pH so that it does not become too acidic or too alkaline.

A 2015 study published in Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine linked drinking high-bicarbonate mineral water to better blood sugar control. 19 healthy subjects in the study drank either 500 milliliters of commercially available tap water or bicarbonate-rich mineral water per day. The researchers observed that compared to tap water drinkers, mineral water drinkers experienced a significant decrease in serum glycoalbumin levels, which is significant because glycoalbumin levels are used as an indicator of glycemic control.

3. A healthier alternative to sodas

If you drink diet soda, switch to sparkling water right away. As long as sparkling water doesn’t contain harmful ingredients for your health, it still wins when you compare sparkling water to soda. Sodas are either loaded with insulin-spiking sugars or filled with extremely health-threatening fake sugars like aspartame.

4. Helps with dyspepsia and constipation

A UK scientific journal published in 2014 analyzed 20 different studies involving 902 subjects with central neurological disease such as Parkinson’s disease or brain injury such as stroke. People with these types of medical conditions are much more likely to be constipated than the general population. This study found that sparkling water may be helpful for stroke victims with constipation.

Another study published in the European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology examined the effects of carbonated beverages on 21 patients with functional dyspepsia and found that carbonated water improved dyspepsia symptoms as well as constipation and bladder emptying.

5. Soothes motion sickness

This is one of those sparkling waters that can really come in handy, especially when you’re on a long trip by car, bus, plane or boat. Nausea can be really annoying, but caffeine-free soft drinks are known for their ability to soothe that nausea. Sipping cold, sparkling mineral water can be the perfect drink to help you feel better quickly.

The dangers of carbonated water

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Is sparkling water bad for your health?

Some people think so. For example, carbonated water has been linked to dental problems. Why are sparkling waters so hostile to our mouths? According to some experts, it is carbonation that can wear down tooth enamel over time and potentially contribute to tooth decay.

Scientists have discovered that the sensation we get when we drink a carbonated drink such as sparkling water is caused by a reaction that takes place in our mouths, turning carbon dioxide bubbles into irritating carbonic acid. So this heady “bite” of carbonation is actually chemical rather than physical.

However, these doctors agree that sparkling water is still a much better choice than club soda, which is much more acidic. They also note that sparkling mineral water contains minerals “that may actually offset some of the potential damage caused by low pH.” They generally recommend still water over sparkling water, but sparkling water definitely beats sodas and high-sugar juices.

Another problem with sparkling water is companies that add unhealthy additives and sweeteners. Some sparkling water brands have made sparkling water even more popular these days. Flavored sparkling waters give soda drinkers the fizz they love and are available in a variety of fruity flavors. On the other hand, naturally flavored, unsweetened sparkling waters can help kick an unhealthy soda addiction. The bad news, however, is that these flavoring agents, including citric and other fruit acids, have been linked to possible tooth enamel erosion.

Again, the pH of flavored sparkling waters is a concern. While the pH of tap water is usually between 6 and 8, carbonation of water lowers its pH to around 5. With aromatic essences and other additives to carbonated water, the pH can drop even further.low, and the lower the pH, the more likely , that it will be destructive for our teeth.

What does the research say about carbonated water and tooth erosion?

A study published in the International Journal of Pediatric Dentistry shows that flavored sparkling waters appear to be the most concerning. The researchers found that the pH values ​​of the flavored carbonated waters tested were in the same range as cola and orange juice. In addition, the flavored waters also contained citric acid (commonly added to flavored sparkling waters to give them flavor), and as the study points out, citric acid has “particularly high erosive potential.” In general, researchers have found that flavored sparkling waters have a significantly lower pH than unflavored sparkling mineral waters.

Another study published in the Journal of Oral Rehabilitation found that unflavored carbonated mineral water was 100 times less harsh on tooth enamel than the carbonated drinks tested. Overall, the researchers concluded that the minerals in sparkling mineral water have a positive effect on the erosion that occurs on the surface of the teeth and that “mineral waters appear to offer a safe alternative to more acidic drinks. erosive. »

* Presse Santé strives to convey knowledge about health in a language accessible to all. IN NO CIRCUMSTANCES can the information provided replace the advice of a medical professional.

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