How to reduce the risk of stroke – RTL

How to reduce the risk of stroke – RTL

A stroke, something to fear but avoid. Let’s remind ourselves what it is. It is a stroke, i.e. damage caused by a clot or bleeding in the brain.

Almost 25% of accidents happen before the age of 65, and the consequences range from minimal changes detected on CT to significant disability, such as loss of speech or paralysis of a limb or face.

However, doctors estimate that 80% of strokes could be prevented by controlling certain risk factors and changing lifestyle.

Check your blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels regularly

then what can we do? She already knows his numbers. This is what Professor Pierre Amarenco, a neurologist from the Bichat Hospital in Paris, president of the foundation, advises. Overcome a stroke and author of “Vaincre l’AVC” (ed. du Rocher). You know your blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol numbers.

These are the data to keep in mind. It’s his medical card. » In youth, it is recommended to check blood pressure every 5 years, from the age of 45 then once a year. You can do this at your doctor’s, pharmacy or even at home by purchasing a self-testing device.

It is also necessary to perform a blood test at least every 5 years, more often in the case of a cardiovascular risk factor. High blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol are preventable risk factors for stroke because they can be corrected.

The protective effect of physical activity

If you stop smoking, tobacco and cannabis, you reduce the risk of stroke by two and five years later we find that a person who has never touched a cigarette.
The fight against excess weight is also important. You can eat anything, but in reasonable quantities so that your waist does not exceed half of your height in centimeters. For example, 85 centimeters if you are 1.70 m tall. Limitation of salt, consumption of large amounts of fruit and vegetables, consumption of fish twice a week is protective.

Regular physical activity helps maintain a healthy weight and reduces the risk of stroke by a third. It could be 20 minutes a day on an exercise bike, elliptical or rowing machine, or 5 hours of walking a week. You must spend enough. The activity should cause sweating and lead to mild shortness of breath.

Stress is a risk factor for stroke. However, it is not always easy to get rid of it. If you are under professional or personal stress that you cannot get out of, you should not hesitate to seek support. From April 2022 you can use ” My Shrinker » which enables the payment of eight sessions of psychological support per year. Specifically, you need to consult your doctor, who will give you a letter to send to the psychologist.

Know the symptoms that should alert you

It is also important to remember that in the slightest doubt you must call 15 without delay.
Faced with the sudden onset of a symptom such as mouth deformity; weakness or numbness on one side of the body, arm, or leg; difficulty speaking or understanding; problems with balance or walking; loss of vision in one eye; unusual excruciating headache, call immediately 15. Acting quickly increases the chances of recovering damaged functions and a faster recovery.

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