Dementia is a term that describes various symptoms affecting a person’s cognitive functions, including their ability to think, remember and reason. Dementia tends to get worse over time. So there are some important warning signs. Dementia occurs when nerve cells in the brain stop working.
Although it usually occurs in older people, it is not an inevitable phenomenon of aging. Natural deterioration of the brain occurs in everyone as they age, but it is more rapid in people with dementia.
There are many types of dementia. The most common is Alzheimer’s disease. Other types include:
– dementia with Lewy bodies
– frontotemporal dementia
– vascular disorders
– mixed dementia or a combination of different types.
There are 10 typical early signs of dementia. To be diagnosed, a person must usually have at least two of these symptoms and they must be severe enough to interfere with their daily life.
10 early signs of dementia
1. Memory loss
A person with dementia may have difficulty remembering dates or events. Memory loss is a common symptom of dementia. A person with dementia may have difficulty remembering information they have recently learned, such as dates or events or new information. He may rely on friends, family or other memory aids to remember things. Most people tend to forget things more often as they get older. They usually remember it later if their memory loss is age-related and not dementia-related.
2. Difficulty planning or problem solving
A person with dementia may find it difficult to follow a plan, such as a cooking recipe or driving directions. Solving problems can also be more difficult, such as adding up numbers to pay bills.
3. Difficulty performing familiar tasks
A person with dementia may find it difficult to do things they do regularly, such as changing the TV settings, using the computer, making tea or going to a familiar place. These difficulties in performing familiar tasks may occur at home or at work.
4. Confusion about time or place
Dementia can make it difficult to be aware of the passage of time. People can also forget where they are at any time. They may have difficulty understanding events in the future or the past and may have problems with dates.
5. Difficulty understanding visual information
Visual information can be a challenge for a person with dementia. It may be difficult to read, judge distances or understand color differences.
A person who is used to driving or riding a bicycle may find these activities difficult.
6. Difficulty speaking or writing
Writings become less legible as dementia progresses. It can be difficult for a person with dementia to strike up a conversation. She may forget what she said or what someone else said. It can be difficult to start a conversation. Spelling, punctuation and grammar can also deteriorate.
7. Loss of belongings
A person with dementia may not remember where they left everyday items such as the remote control, important documents, money or keys. Misplacing items can be frustrating and can lead a person to accuse others of stealing.
8. Poor judgment or decision making
It can be difficult for a person with dementia to understand what is fair and reasonable. It may mean that they pay too much or that they easily buy things they don’t need. Some people with dementia are also less concerned with cleanliness and presentation.
9. Withdrawal from social activities
A person with dementia may lose interest in social life, whether at home or at work. She may withdraw into herself and not talk to others or not pay attention when others talk to her. He may stop doing hobbies or sports that involve other people.
10. Changes in personality or mood
A person with dementia may have mood swings or personality changes. For example, she may be irritable, depressed, scared or anxious. He may also become more uninhibited or act inappropriately.
When to consult a doctor
A person who has any of these symptoms or notices them in someone close to them should talk to a health care professional. It is a myth that cognitive function always declines with age. Signs of cognitive decline may be dementia or another condition that doctors can provide. Although there is no cure for dementia yet, a doctor can help slow the progression of the disease and alleviate its symptoms, thereby improving a person’s quality of life.
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