Houseflies are well-known pests in homes around the world. Several methods can help get rid of houseflies. The house fly, scientifically known as Musca domestica, is a non-biting fly. However, each can carry more than a million bacteria that can be transferred to food and surfaces. Several methods can help control houseflies, including drainage treatments and insecticide sprays.
In this article we will look at how to get rid of house flies. We also examine whether they pose a health risk.
4 ways to get rid of house flies
There are a number of techniques for eliminating house flies. Here are the four most effective methods:
Water is essential for fly reproduction. It is an essential part of their diet because flies cannot live more than 48 hours without access to water. Many fly infestations are caused by excessive humidity and the accumulation of dirt in the home. Water can often collect in damp or wet areas such as sinks or drains.
The following areas should be checked and cleaned:
floors, removing food or food residues
sinks and bathtub or shower drains
inside trash cans
under appliances such as refrigerators
cracks in floor tiles or walls where bacteria can grow.
Houseflies usually enter from the outside, but sometimes breed inside. Indoor breeding sites are more common in buildings with indoor trash rooms and compactors.
Keeping the areas where houseflies tend to breed clean can prevent future infestations. Particular attention should be paid to:
into areas of standing water such as gutters
keep doors or other entry points closed
keep trash cans and surrounding areas clean
clean up rotting food, such as apples that have fallen from a tree
regular cleaning of kitchen and bathroom surfaces
Application of pipe treatment
Constant humidity in the pipes provides an environment favorable for the breeding of flies. Sometimes they can land on the walls around the sink or shower.
For controlling flies in drains
Place clear tape over the drain hole.
Make sure the adhesive side is facing down.
Leave a small space for air to flow through the drain to encourage flies.
Check the tape regularly for flies. The number of flies that stick indicates the extent of the infestation.
Cleaning the drain should destroy the breeding site and end the infestation. There are several ways to clean them. However, common bleaches or drain cleaners are ineffective in removing bacteria. A person can:
– Use a pipe cleaning brush to scrub the sides: The brush should be as abrasive as a wire brush. Use several pots of boiling water to remove dirt after brushing.
Mix baking soda, salt, and vinegar to make a solution: Pour the solution down the drain and let it sit overnight. Then come back in the morning and pour boiling water down the drain to flush away the debris.
– Use antibacterial drainage treatments: However, their effect may take several weeks.
Setting up fly traps
There are many types of fly traps that can help eliminate fly infestations. These devices include:
Light traps that use ultraviolet light to attract flies and a sheet of glue to trap them. They are more effective against large flies.
Traps that use a low-voltage electric current to catch flies.
Traps that use bait to attract flies, such as honey or other sweet flavors.
Devices that use pheromones to attract flies. These fly traps are useful for identifying infestations, but rarely get rid of the problem.
Try fly sprays or insecticides
Several sprays and insecticides can help control flies. If they can eliminate flies individually, there are more effective ways to eliminate an infestation.
Pyrethrin, a pesticide toxic to insects, can be purchased as a spray to treat adult flies. These sprays are a temporary solution that can be useful in combination with other techniques. People using fly sprays or insecticides should be careful to avoid direct contact with skin or eyes and inhalation. Pyrethrin is not very toxic, but it can irritate the skin or cause other mild symptoms.
Health risks of houseflies
Flies are generally not dangerous, but they can be pests. One can find a variety of them around the house, including house flies or fruit flies. Some flies carry pathogens such as bacteria and other infectious agents that are spread by contact with humans or food. These bacteria can cause illness and symptoms such as:
However, houseflies are not considered an important vector of disease.
Housefly infestations are rarely harmful. People can try different housefly control techniques. It is important to keep the house and outdoor areas clean in order to treat and prevent any problems they may present. Several products can help with houseflies, including traps and sprays. Caution should be exercised when using insecticidal sprays, which can cause mild skin irritation.
Khamesipour, F., et al. (2018). A systematic review of human pathogens transmitted by the housefly (Musca domestica L.).
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