Our kidneys may be small in size, but they are powerful nonetheless: they perform many functions throughout the body. To keep your kidneys healthy and functioning properly, consider adding these foods to your daily lifestyle.
Green leafy vegetables:
Green leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach are nutrient-dense foods. Loaded with vitamins and minerals essential for kidney function and overall health. These nutrients have an anti-cancer effect and strengthen the immune system.
Berries, like strawberries and blueberries, are low-calorie snacks that are packed with fiber, vitamins and antioxidants. These have anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects on the body.
Omega-3 fatty acids:
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats for cell function. They are an integral part of the cell membrane and also affect the performance of cell receptors present in said membrane.
Our body cannot initiate production. This implies the need to supplement this essential nutrient by consuming certain foods. Here are some that are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids:
- Fatty fish such as salmon and mackerel.
- Rapeseed oil.
- Chia seeds.
To drink a lot of water:
In addition to a healthy diet, a drinking regime is also important for the proper functioning of the kidneys. Sufficient water and fluid intake is essential for overall health. But it also helps ensure kidney health.
With chronic kidney disease (CKD), you need to be more careful about what you eat and drink. This is due to the fact that your kidneys can no longer properly drain fluids and waste from your body.
Here are a few options that can be recommended.
Here are some foods that are easier for your kidneys to digest:
- Rocket – It is lower in potassium than most other green vegetables, but contains fiber and other beneficial nutrients.
- Apple – Very rich in fiber and anti-inflammatory components. It can be eaten raw, cooked, in juice or cider.
- Berry – Blueberries, strawberries, cranberries, raspberries, red grapes and cherries are solid sources of fiber, vitamin C and antioxidants.
- Peaches, plums and pineapple – These fruits are sweet and lower in potassium than nectarines, mangoes and papayas.
- Asparagus – They contain practically all necessary vitamins and minerals.
- Onion – They reduce inflammation and support immune health.
- garlic – Whether fresh or chopped, this food reduces inflammation and can replace salt as a spice.
- Olive oil – Helps reduce inflammation in the body.
If you are on dialysis, your doctor can adjust your diet to meet your nutritional needs.
Foods to avoid:
It is essential to have a well-balanced diet to supply your body with enough nutrients without straining your kidneys. Avoid foods rich in:
- Sodium – Increases blood pressure and contributes to the formation of fluids in the body. Do not consume table salt, spices such as soy sauce and garlic salt. Avoid processed, pickled or canned foods. Opt for fresh garlic, lemon, ground paprika, dill or onion powder instead.
- Phosphorus and calcium – These minerals help maintain healthy and strong bones, but when consumed in large quantities, they damage the blood vessels, eyes and heart.
- Potassium – Potassium maintains proper nerve and muscle function. In contrast, high blood levels are more likely to lead to heart problems in people with CKD.
- Proteins – Proteins are required by the kidneys and excessive consumption can prevent them from excreting waste from the body. Limit consumption of animal proteins such as meat, some seafood and dairy products.
- Alcohol – Drinking alcohol impairs your kidneys’ ability to filter blood and ensure the right amount of water in your body.
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