Climate commitments "too far" to meet the 1.5 °C target, warns the UN

Climate commitments "too far" to meet the 1.5 °C target, warns the UN

A dry lake in Nanjing, east China, on August 21, 2022. (©AFP/Archives/STR)

The most recent international climate commitments are “ very far” from meeting the Paris Agreement goal to limit global warming to 1.5°C, the UN climate agency warned on Wednesday.

“We are a long way from the level and speed of emissions reductions needed to get us on the path to a 1.5°C world,” UN climate chief Simon Stiell warned at the releasesummary of the latest commitments of the signatory countries of the Paris Agreement and less than two weeks before the start of the world climate conference COP27.

Heats up faster than expected

On the contrary, the sum of the commitments of 193 contracting parties” could have set the world on the path towarming of 2.5 °C by the end of the century“, the UN agency said.

The 2015 Paris Agreement sets a goal of keeping global warming to “well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels”, when humanity began using fossil fuels responsible for large-scale greenhouse gas emissions, and to 1.5°C if possible.

Strengthen plans

At the final COP26 in 2021 in Glasgow, signatories to the agreement pledged to review their emissions-fighting commitments, called the “nationally determined contribution”, annually – instead of every five years. (NDC).

But only 24 countries submitted new or revised NDCs by the September 23 deadline, in time to be considered at COP27, which will be held 6-18. November in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. A “disappointing” figure, notes Stiell in a press release accompanying the release of the new data.

“To keep this target (1.5°C) alive, governments need to step up their plans now and implement them over the next eight years,” the UN official insists.

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According to UN experts global emissions must fall by 45% by 2030.compared to 2010 levels to meet this target. But according to the latest NDC summary, current commitments would instead lead to a 10.6% increase in emissions over this period.

Source: © 2022 AFP

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