4 typical symptoms of a stroke – Le Journal des Femmes

4 typical symptoms of a stroke – Le Journal des Femmes

Every 4 minutes a person has a stroke in France. We must act at the first warning signs by calling 15 to increase the chances of survival and improve recovery. Here are the warning signs.

AND A stroke occurs every 4 minutes in France, recalls the French Neurovascular Society on the occasion world daystroke which takes place on October 29 2022. On 140,000 stroke victims each year in France approx 30,000 will die. All age groups are affected by stroke. Close 25% of strokes occur before the age of 65 and the number of moves between them 35 and 64 years increases. As a reminder, a stroke occurs in the brain when a the blood vessel is blocked (80% of cases) or break and cause a bleeding (20%). Loss of vision in one eyearm mobility, difficulty speaking out loud… Here are warning signs with Pr Sonia Alamowitch, head of the cerebrovascular emergency department at Salpetriere Hospital (Paris, AP-HP).

How long before a stroke do symptoms appear?

A stroke is manifested by sudden neurological symptoms. “It is an important feature. Loss of neurological function occurs suddenly, from one second to the next or within minutes, sometimes for a few hours, but suddenly” insists our partner.

What are the 4 types of neurological symptoms of a stroke?

The symptoms of a stroke are related to insufficient blood supply to the brain. We identify ourselves 4 types of sudden neurological symptoms :

1. Loss of mobility, typically on hemibodies (full or partial). For example, a person cannot lift an arm, can no longer move an arm or leg and has a distorted face (complete) or can partially lift a limb but feels heaviness with muscle weakness at the level of the arm, leg and crooked mouth.

2. Sudden loss of language (aphasia) : the person does not express himself well or at all, he does not say any words or only partially or a few words, but it is very difficult, he has lost his vocabulary. “There can also be understanding in a language disorder: people talk to me, but I don’t understand anything anymore.” says Professor Alamowitch.

3. One sudden loss of vision : either the person can no longer see anything at all (complete darkness) or can only see to one side. It can feel like a visual fog sudden installation.

4. Sudden loss of balance : the person walks like a drunk, with significant imbalance (ataxia), even though she didn’t drink.

A stroke victim may not necessarily show all of these symptoms: “It is variable, it can be a type of symptom (mobility, eye, editor’s note), sometimes a combination, more or less severe, e.g. hemiplegia law with loss of language” the doctor explains. Awareness that the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body and vice versa. “The area of ​​the left brain that controls movement on the right side is located near the language area, if a stroke occurs in this area, the person can no longer move the right side and he can no longer speak.”

Stroke diagram © 123rf/JournaldesFemmes

Could a headache be a symptom of a stroke?

Yes. “AND a very brutal headache, sudden, completely unusual, the likes of which we have never felt, may indicate a stroke corresponding to subarachnoid hemorrhageProfessor Alamowitch replies. Subarachnoid hemorrhage is different from intracerebral hemorrhage. It characterizes the rupture of a blood vessel in brain which envelop the brain while “cerebral” bleeding occurs inside the brain. Of the 20% of hemorrhages responsible for stroke, about 5% are meningeal hemorrhages and 15% are cerebral hemorrhages.

Are stroke symptoms different in children?

“CMP in children is an exceptional situation and can be really difficult to recognize. The child moves poorly, is depressed. In teenagers, just like in adults or the oldest, it is a loss of neurological function (language, movement, editor’s note). ), which warns,” answers our partner. In numbers, less than 1% of strokes occur in people under the age of 18. More than half of cases are not immediately diagnosed.

“Whether the stroke presents with severe or less severe symptoms, you need to call 15, Sam.

Are stroke symptoms different in women?

Women are among the first victims of stroke. “They live longer. Age increases the risk of stroke, the severity of stroke is greater for them.” the doctor explains. They have specific risk factors such asa combination of the pill, smoking and migraines ; AVC risk periods that are pregnancy or after menopause ; depression and psychosocial stress, to which women are more exposed than men. “There is no literature to show that there are different symptoms of stroke in womenWomen tend to pay less attention to themselves and more to others and are therefore less vigilant comments Professor Alamowitch.

What to do in case of stroke symptoms?

Call 15 immediately. “Whether a stroke presents with severe or mild symptoms, it remains an absolute emergency. Mild symptoms can get worse very quickly. You must immediately call SAMU on 15. For yourself or if you witness a stroke” the specialist insists. Support comes from this call.Do not call the attending physician, precious minutes may be lost. To treat stroke, it is necessary to know whether it is caused by a clogged artery or broken. Only a brain scan (MRI or scanner) can tell a this examination must be performed urgently in a hospital. Through Sam, the patient will be removed in the neurovascular care unit specializing in stroke. “When treating a stroke, it is necessary to restore blood flow as quickly as possible to limit the effects on the brain, explains prof. Igor Sibon, president of the company SFNV and head of the Neurological Clinic-CHU in Bordeaux. Every minute saved saves 2 million neurons and weeks less rehabilitation for the patient, who will be able to find loved ones and their previous life more quickly. Thanks to timely management allowing reperfusion treatment (thrombolysis or thrombectomy), today it is 1 in 2 patients who are completely cured.”

Thanks to Pr Sonia Alamowitch, Head of Cerebrovascular Emergency Department at Salpetriere Hospital (Paris, AP-HP) Source: World Stroke Day 29 October 2022 Stroke: every minute counts. Press release, SFNV.

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